There are not many signs and symptoms of osteoporosis for early detection of this insidious disease. By the time people realize that they have osteoporosis, it is often too late. This makes preventive measures the only way to avoid osteoporosis. The body does give a few indications that the bones are becoming weaker. Some of these may not seem to be related to bones at all, and yet they may be first such signs of osteoporosis.

What is osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis means the bones have become porous, and therefore, they lose their density. In the process, the bones cannot carry the body’s mass. The process of bones becoming porous is slow, and takes several years. Basically, this porosity of bones is because of calcium being eroded from them. Such erosion occurs throughout the life, however, around thirties, the addition of new bone matter becomes slower, but the calcium erosion process remains at the same pace leading to osteoporosis in later stages of life. Wrists, hip bones, heels, and vertebrae are particularly susceptible to this problem. These bones break and the person may become immobile due to frequent falls, and pains in various joints.

Many people believe that osteoporosis affects only women after their menopause. This is far from true, because osteoporosis may affect men as well as younger people. The difference is only that post menopausal women are at a greater risk. Another myth is that merely taking medications that are prescribed for osteoporosis will help. It may help to an extent, but the person who suffers with osteoporosis needs to get the tests done periodically to ensure that the condition is not deteriorating.

As of now, people are just becoming familiar with this disease, and therefore, it is advisable to undergo osteoporosis screening, as soon as a few of signs and symptoms of osteoporosis are noticed. This is imperative for people who are at a higher risk of getting the disease.

Diagnosis of osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is diagnosed by measuring the bone density or bone mineral density. For this, commonly used tests are:

In addition to these, blood and urine of the person also show some signs and symptoms of osteoporosis such as abnormal percentages of Osteo Calcine, Vitamin D, Urinary N-Telopeptide of type I collagen, and Bone specific alkaline phosphate.

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